Skip to content
Home » SQL Query to get the list of files in a folder in SQL

SQL Query to get the list of files in a folder in SQL

How to get the list of all the files in a folder in SQL table?

Using SQL Server built-in extended stored procedure called xp_cmdshell you can access the files name from folder to SQL tables, but first you need to enable this in SQL Server, by default it is disabled.

Following are the steps to enabling it, First enable advance option in master database.


USE master; 

-- To allow advanced options to be changed.
EXECUTE sp_configure 'show advanced options', 1; 
-- To update the currently configured value for advanced options. 


Now, Enable Xp_cmdshell extended stored procedure.

-- To enable the feature. 
EXEC sp_configure 'xp_cmdshell', 1; 
-- To update the currently configured value for this feature. 

Now, you can see we have four excel files in folder dir — C:/databasefile, and we want to get all these file name in a SQL table.


There are two ways to get the list of folders files in a SQL table.

1 > Using xp_cmdshell

CREATE TABLE tblgetfileList (excelFileName VARCHAR(100));

INSERT INTO tblgetfileList

EXEC xp_cmdshell 'dir /B "D:\databasefile"';

select * from tblgetfileList


2> Using xp_DirTree

   exec xp_DirTree directory ,  depth , file 
  1. directory – This is the directory path of any files .
  2. depth  – It specify the  subfolder levels to display.  The default of 0 will display all subfolders.
  3. file – This will either display files as well as each folder.  The default of 0 will not display any files.
DECLARE @dirPath nvarchar(500) = 'D:\databasefile' 

DECLARE @tblgetfileList TABLE
(FileName nvarchar(500)
,depth int
,isFile int)

INSERT INTO @tblgetfileList
EXEC xp_DirTree @dirPath,1,1

SELECT FileName from @tblgetfileList where isFile=1

Also Read

Copy or Delete files from window directory in SQL Server

SQL Server Import .CSV file in Database

SQL Server Bulk Insert(BCP)

SQL Basics TutorialSQL Advance TutorialSSRSInterview Q & A
SQL Create tableSQL Server Stored ProcedureCreate a New SSRS Project List Of SQL Server basics to Advance Level Interview Q & A
SQL ALTER TABLESQL Server MergeCreate a Shared Data Source in SSRSSQL Server Question & Answer Quiz
SQL DropSQL Server PivotCreate a SSRS Tabular Report / Detail Report
..... More.... More....More
Power BI TutorialAzure TutorialPython TutorialSQL Server Tips & Tricks
Download and Install Power BI DesktopCreate an Azure storage accountLearn Python & ML Step by stepEnable Dark theme in SQL Server Management studio
Connect Power BI to SQL ServerUpload files to Azure storage containerSQL Server Template Explorer
Create Report ToolTip Pages in Power BICreate Azure SQL Database ServerDisplaying line numbers in Query Editor Window

 52,765 total views,  9 views today

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.