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Identify Blocked Processes or Long Running Query In SQL Server

How to identify blocking processes/long running queries in SQL server?

Blocking occurs when a process hold a lock and other process has to wait till the first process completes.

Sometime, when we execute any stored procedures or a query and expect that to complete quickly but it kept running for a long time in this situation we do not have any other option rather than stopping a query or stored procedure, It just happens due to process block issues.

Lets try to understand it with the help of an example.

To implement a blocked processes scenario, we will try to update one record in a table under begin tran block but will not commit the transaction that will hold update lock on a table and process kept running until transaction is not committed and during that time we will update same record in another session .

As you can see, we have updated a record in a table under begin transaction block but not committed yet.

use Sqltutorials

Begin Tran
update dbo.Customer set firstName = 'Jon M' where customerKey =11000


Now, open another query editor window ) and try to update same record in a table, and you see the update query keep running and not updating record.

use Sqltutorials

update dbo.Customer set firstName = 'Jon M' where customerKey =11000

Lets identify the those blocking processes  .

You can execute SP_who2 to get the blocked processes Details.

As You can see blkby is – 53, it means processes Id -53 (That is first query where you have ran a update query under begin transaction but not committed ) is blocking the execution of processes Id – 54 ( that is second query ) .


Exec sp_who2


Here we identified that the processes id is blocking the second query execution so we can kill the processes id -53, using kill spid  command as given below

kill 53


As soon as we kill the blocked processes , the second query executed successfully and update the record.



We can also use SysProcesses to get the blocked processes details –

SELECT spid,
       blocked as blockingProcessesId,
       (SELECT Systxt1.TEXT
        FROM   sysprocesses st
               CROSS apply sys.Dm_exec_sql_text(sql_handle) systxt1
        WHERE  spid = p.blocked) AS blockingQuerytxt,
       PROGRAM_NAME,  loginame, DB_NAME(p.dbid) as DatabaseName,  
        Systxt2.TEXT as Querytxt
FROM   sysprocesses p
       CROSS apply sys.Dm_exec_sql_text(sql_handle) Systxt2
WHERE  blocked <> 0


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