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SQL Server NCHAR

NCHAR data type is used to store Unicode string data of fixed-length.




  • NCHAR data type is used to store Unicode string data of fixed-length.
  • It stores data at 2 byte per character.
  • It supports up to 4000 characters.
Syntax
nchar(n)


n specify the string length that ranges from 1 to 4000. Default value for n is 1.

Lets Look at an example using NCHAR data type in SQL Server.

Data Storage Vs Length

In following T- SQL Statement, declared a variable @str of datatype nchar of size 15.

DECLARE @Str NCHAR(15) 
SET @Str = 'Microsoft'SELECT @Str AS Strtext, DATALENGTH(@Str) AS StrText_OccupiedLength ,
LEN(@Str) AS StrText_length

As nchar has fixed-length and takes 2 bytes per character to store the data, so it takes 30 bytes to store value ‘microsoft’, even though the length of ‘microsoft’ is 9 .

So the data storage length of characters will be the fixed-length of variable @str * 2 bytes (15 *2) =30.

Using NCHAR to store a unicode data

NCHAR can store unicode data, Lets store the Hindi language text to @str variable of type nchar.

Note: Always make sure that, you prefix unicode string literals with an N prefix.

DECLARE @Str NCHAR(15)

SET @Str = N'माइक्रोसॉफ्ट'

SELECT @Str AS Strtext, DATALENGTH(@Str) AS StrText_OccupiedLength ,
LEN(@Str) AS StrText_length

You can see, it can store a unicode data as well that can be seen in strtext column if result set.

Also Read..

SQL Server VARCHAR VS NVARCHAR

SQL Server CHAR VS NCHAR




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